British Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg on behalf of the new government announced on the 19th the political reform program, including the abolition of identity cards, the central government decentralized social management rights, the reform of the electoral system, and give the public the power to condemn corrupt members.
Clegg said that this reform plan will set off the most far-reaching "power revolution" in Britain in the past 200 years, and "fundamentally readjusts the relationship between the government and citizens" so that citizens can manage the country.
Weaken the "nanny country"
According to the "New York Times", this reform program will allow the British "nanny state" proliferation trend back.
During the 13 years of the ruling of the Labor Party, many laws, administrative agencies, and monitoring systems were established, but critics accused the â€œnanny stateâ€ of restraining individual freedom. The developed countries and the British government were the most powerful.
Deputy Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal Democratic Party, Clegg, said that the Conservative-Liberal Democratic Party coalition government will end the "political culture of secretly monitoring its own citizens" and abolish the labor-intensive ID system implemented by the Labor Party government and give up the implementation of a new generation of biometrics. "passport. This new type of passport can contain a large amount of personal information.
Clegg said that the government will be further restricted when it intercepts, controls personal Internet and e-mail messages, and stores non-criminal citizens' DNA data.
The new government also intends to impose restrictions on tens of thousands of CCTV cameras in public places. "It treats honest and law-abiding citizens as if they think they have something to hide," Clegg said. "This is intolerable."
The United Kingdom has surveillance cameras in shopping malls, streets, hospitals and other public places to facilitate the police in tracking criminal suspects and victims, but critics complain that for years, this has had little effect on the deterrence rate.
Decentralization "will not be uneasy"
In terms of the political system, the reform proposal promises that the upper house of the British Parliament will be elected in the future to break the â€œruling hereditary powerâ€ of the House of Representatives; a referendum will be held to decide whether to reform the election system of the Lower House of Parliament.
This proposal suggests that the candidates for the House of Representatives must win at least 50% of the votes in their constituency to be elected.
Under the current single constituency system in the United Kingdom, candidates can win with a simple majority. This type of election system is usually beneficial to big parties. Setting a "hard bar" for the vote rate will effectively shake many "members of tenure" in the House of Commons.
The new government will adopt the â€œpower withdrawalâ€ system: If the voters collect 10,000 petition signatures, they will be able to request the parliament to remove the wrong members. The new government will also introduce a new law to regulate the $3.5 billion annual political lobbying industry.
This reform proposal proposes to fix the term of office of the parliament to 5 years. Legislation requires the support of the government's no-confidence motion to require at least 55% of the members of the House of Commons to pass. According to the ruling coalition, this measure is intended to prevent political parties from forcing the lower house to dissolve and hold elections in advance because of party interests.
"The New York Times" analyzed that these changes will decentralize the power of the British central government.
Clegg said that Britain is â€œin some respects the most centralized European countriesâ€ and the new government will abandon the idea that the â€œsocial change must be forced by the central governmentâ€ in the management of hospitals, schools, local police forces and other In terms of things, citizen groups are given greater say.
"We will not feel unsafe for giving up these powers," he said.
Recall "factory setting"
According to the British "Daily Telegraph" comment article, this political reform plan shows that the new government has tried to eliminate the damage caused by the Labour Party to a certain extent and "returns our political system arrangements to factory settings."
The program was immediately criticized after it was announced. Opponents believe that the plan is "adventurous" and there is "overdraft risk". It is a "screen smoke bomb" that covers up the broad differences between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democratic Party.
According to the "New York Times" analysis, whether the reform can be achieved depends on whether the ruling coalition can withstand the strong pressure from the Conservatives and the Liberal Democratic Party, especially the right-wing Conservatives.
Some supporters worry that vested interest groups have long been accustomed to administrative power and are largely unrestricted. Even if the new government can overcome their opposition, the reform plan will take many years to implement.
Alan Johnson, a member of the Labour Party and former home secretary, accused Clegg of â€œexaggeratingâ€ the shortcomings of the surveillance system of the Ministry of the Interior and said that the relevant surveillance laws and regulations introduced by the Labor Party enjoy extensive public support.
Clegg said on the 19th that the new government is aware that many people are skeptical about this proposal. "All politicians say they want to give the people more power to manage their own lives," but "this government will make this change It's a reality." (Hu Ruoyu)
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