This is an unprecedented challenge for five years. The sudden changes in the environment at home and abroad have become unstable factors affecting economic growth.
The turbulent waves of the international financial crisis have caused the industrial economy that has been triumphantly to suddenly encounter an inflection point. Textiles, light industry, equipment manufacturing, electronic information and other industries have produced emergency brakes. Thousands of enterprises in the Pearl River Delta and the Yangtze River Delta have been hit by the crisis. The time was announced.
On the land of China, sudden natural rains such as snow and ice, earthquakes, mudslides, and severe floods have worsened the pace of China's stable economic operation.
This is a five-year period of economic development. From decisively implementing a package plan to deal with the impact of the international financial crisis, to take the lead in the recovery of the world economy; from actively promoting the transformation of economic development mode and structural adjustment, to enhancing the quality, efficiency and sustainability of development. In particular, in 2009, China's industrial economy drew a perfect "V"-shaped trajectory, making a contribution to "guarantee growth."
During the "11th Five-Year Plan" period, China's industrial output value exceeded 10 trillion yuan, and the industrial added value accounted for more than 14% of the global manufacturing industry. For the first time, China's manufacturing industry surpassed Japan, becoming the world's second-largest industrial manufacturing country after the United States.
Walking on the road of new industrialization 2010 is the closing year of the 11th Five-Year Plan. In the first half of this year, China's economic growth rate was 11.1%, close to the level of the â€œ11th Five-Year Planâ€. Experts predict that the average growth rate over the five-year period will exceed 10%. "And China's economic growth is led and driven by industry." Jin Hao, director of the Institute of Industrial Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that China's industrialization process is far from over, and industry still plays a pivotal role in the national economy.
In 2009, China's mobile phone production reached 619 million units, accounting for 50% of global production; and the number of microcomputers was 182.15 million, accounting for 60.9% of global production.
In 2009, when the international financial crisis caused global auto production to fall by 12.5%, North American auto production shrank by 32.3%, and Japan fell by 31.5%, Chinaâ€™s autos exceeded the 13 million production and sales volume and 40% growth rate. It is the throne of the world's largest producer and seller.
Regarding the tortuous changes in China's industrial growth during the 11th Five-Year Plan period, Yao Jingyuan, the chief economist of the National Bureau of Statistics, was praised by several national treasures: Due to the impact of the international financial crisis, the Chinese trains that were driving at high speed suddenly braked. In June 2008, the industrial growth rate was 16%. It dropped sharply and fell to the lowest point of 3.8% in early 2009. Since then, it has risen month by month. Since June, the growth rate has remained at double digits. In November, it reached 19.2%, and in 2009 it reached 11%.
It can be seen from this that it is easier to maintain the steady and rapid development of the industry. Li Yizhong, Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that the focus of the work during the 11th Five-Year Plan period included changing the development mode, adjusting the structure, and improving the quality, efficiency and sustainability of industrial growth. The 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed to take a new road to industrialization. The 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China further emphasized the importance of adhering to the new industrialization path with Chinese characteristics and promoting industrialization from large to strong. Li Yizhong said that the new industrialization should not only build economic development on the basis of scientific and technological progress, but also promote the rapid development of industrialization at a high starting point; it should also pay attention to the quality and efficiency of economic development, and improve input and output efficiency and economic returns; Promote the application of advanced and applicable technologies, improve the efficiency of energy resource utilization, and break through the constraints of energy resources.
While China's economy is accelerating, China's development is also increasingly on the edge of resource consumption and environmental pollution. Taking the first year of the â€œEleventh Five-Year Planâ€ as an example, 2006 China consumed about 40% of the world's coal, about 50% of cement, about 60% of steel and about 70% of oil and gas, but only created the world's 5 About 100% of GDP, energy consumption per unit of GDP is more than five times the world average.
The black smoke from the blast furnace, the oil floating on the river, and the smell of the monks emitted from the air frequently issued warnings: energy conservation and emission reduction, elimination of backwardness, is an inevitable choice for China's sustainable development.
"If we don't pay attention to energy conservation and emission reduction, we don't even have the qualification to survive!" Chen Yongnan, chairman of Guangxi Liuzhou Iron and Steel Group, said that in recent years, Liugang has invested more than 3 billion yuan in industrial development while investing more than 3 billion yuan. Environmental governance.
In 2009, the output of steel and iron of Liugang Group reached 8 million tons, while the pollution discharge did not increase and decreased. The dust collected by dust removal was 908,000 tons. The recycling benefit of this part of the resources alone reached 545 million yuan.
It is also due to the urgent expectation of economic transformation and upgrading. For the first time, the â€œEleventh Five-Year Planâ€ â€œOutlineâ€ will reduce the energy consumption per unit of GDP by about 20% as a binding target. "It is impossible to see the hope of the future without abandoning the extensive development mode," said Chen Fan, a professor at the School of Materials Science and Engineering at South China University of Technology.
In order to achieve this goal, the state resolutely said no to high-energy, high-pollution and resource-consumption enterprises, and said no to the extensive development mode. At the same time, the national science and technology plan has arranged a total of more than 10 billion yuan for energy-saving emission reduction research and development projects. In the first four years of the â€œEleventh Five-Year Planâ€, the energy consumption per unit of GDP has dropped by 15.61%, and the backward production capacity of ironmaking, steel making, coke and cement has been eliminated by 21.1 million tons, 16.4 million tons, 18.09 million tons and 74.16 million tons.
â€œThe focus of energy conservation and emission reduction in the 'Eleventh Five-Year Plan' is in industry, and the difficulty is also in industry. Now there is only less than three months left from the deadline, and the task is heavy and stressful. It is worthy of recognition that the energy consumption per unit of GDP has been The downward trend and the decline have also improved." Li Yizhong has repeatedly said that energy conservation and emission reduction is a hard task, and the main indicators must be completed on time.
Seizing the strategic high ground of future development The disadvantages of high energy consumption and high pollution are obvious, and the lack of innovation ability, lack of core technology and standard discourse power, is a major hidden danger hidden in China's economic train. "Western developed countries have proposed development strategies such as 're-industrialization', 'low-carbon economy', 'smart earth', re-emphasizing the real economy, and occupying the commanding heights of international industrial science and technology development in new energy, energy conservation and environmental protection, information networks, etc. The industry has brought impact and impact." Li Yizhong said.
Faced with the complicated and ever-changing economic environment at home and abroad, the Chinese economy can only achieve industrial innovation from the big to the strong, to the dynamics of independent innovation, to the vitality of structural adjustment, and to the unconstrained development path. Especially in the prevailing strategic high-end industries, China has already begun to plan and accelerate the promotion of strategic emerging industries such as energy conservation, environmental protection, new energy, new materials, information networks, and high-end equipment manufacturing, starting from Chinaâ€™s actual national conditions. Arrange special funds of hundreds of billion yuan.
Wang Yiming, executive vice president of the Macroeconomic Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that after long-term accumulation, China has reached the stage of using technology innovation to lead and support industrial development. In order to increase the added value of the industry, it must rely on independent innovation to promote industrial transformation through technological transformation. The upgrade and development approach has changed.
During the â€œEleventh Five-Year Planâ€ period, under the innovation strategy of introducing, digesting, absorbing and re-innovating, the state's investment in science and technology innovation has increased year by year, and the support field has expanded from research institutes to innovative enterprises, making the innovation capability and technology of Chinese enterprises. The reserve capacity has steadily increased, and the position of enterprises in the technological innovation system is becoming more and more important.
In 2010, the total investment in R&D expenditure of the top 100 enterprises reached 61.1 billion yuan, of which Shenzhen Huawei, which has the highest R&D investment, reached 17.4 billion yuan, accounting for more than 10% of its operating income. In the global PTC (Patent Cooperation Treaty) application rankings in 2009, Huawei ranked second with 1,847, and ZTE's application volume ranked first in the world.
For the first time, the new domestic regional aircraft has soared in the blue sky, and the major technical equipment such as UHV power transmission and transformation equipment and millions of tons of ethylene complete equipment have achieved independent manufacturing, and new breakthroughs have been made in key areas such as high-end CNC machine tools and â€œnuclear high-baseâ€. The new generation of broadband wireless mobile communication network (TD) is expected to become the fourth generation of mobile communication (4G) international standards... The Chinese economy has taken a firm step in the transformation and upgrading and core competitiveness at a new starting point.
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