Carpet maintenance

Hand-made carpets are textiles that have the advantage that no other flooring material can ever reach. In order to prolong the service life of hand-carpets and make them better applied, it is very important to carry out regular and planned maintenance of hand-carpets. Manual carpets are easy to maintain and cost-effective compared to other flooring types.
Jin Kaiyuan handmade carpets recommend several measures for the maintenance of handmade carpets. We hope to provide you with better services.
I. Planned preventive measures The so-called plan is to formulate detailed plans on how to prevent stains, vacuuming, and cleaning of handmade carpets before hand carpets are used and hand carpets are delivered for use.
1. Hand-carpet selection includes anti-pollution and easy-to-clean content (1) When hand-made carpets are used, it is best to avoid plain-colored handmade carpets. Under the premise that the basic color tone matches the decoration style and the color tone, small jacquard products should be selected. Mild fouling has great masking. The quality of hand-made carpets should be dominated by high proportions of wool (50%-80%) hand-carpets, because wool has excellent antifouling properties and is easy to clean.
(2) Corridors, elevators, restaurants, and other public parts should choose handmade carpets with multicolor jacquard wool content of 50%. The velvet height should be 7mm, and the color should be deeper. The pattern should be a bit dense, and the colors should be a bit contrasting. It has a good dirt concealment and increases the visual coverage of dust stains.
(3) For a complete hotel project, the color of handmade carpets in guest rooms, conference rooms, etc. should be lighter, while the color of handmade carpets in public areas should be a bit darker.
(4) If the exterior sanitary conditions of your hotel are unsatisfactory and the air pollution is relatively serious, the corridors and public areas can use wool or nylon loop velvet or nylon jacquard hand carpets to meet the needs of frequent cleaning and easy drying.
(5) Proper and reasonable selection of raw materials for hand-made carpets is very important for the maintenance of hand-made carpets. Wool fibers have the dual advantages of anti-pollution and filth. In dust collection and cleaning, most of them release dust. This feature is Any chemical fiber is irreplaceable
2. Rejection of dirt and dirt outside the area of ​​handmade carpets (1) In general, 80% of the dirt is carried into the building by feet, 15% of the dust is carried by the air, and 5% is brought into the body and accidents occur. Therefore, effective control of dirt on the foot is the key to maintaining the appearance of hand-carpets and reducing maintenance and cleaning costs. The most effective preventive measure is the 2-4 m antifouling doormat placed on the door or door entrance. The doormats can remove stains and retain or absorb moisture. All doormats should be cleaned daily to ensure that dry dirt is sucked in, preventing the doormats from becoming ineffective.
(2) The dirt brought in by the foot can basically eliminate most of the dirt through the anti-fouling doormat. For example, put a piece of elasticity in the elevator, and the wool elevator carpet with high hair density has better dustproof effect.
Second, daily maintenance
1, vacuum (dry dust removal)
(1) Vacuuming is the most basic task of manual carpet maintenance and must be performed daily. Hand-made carpets in public areas should be cleaned daily using a vacuum cleaner with a rotary pile vibrator. The vibrator usually includes one or more brush strips and is driven by a separate motor to facilitate vacuuming. The vacuum cleaner used at the same time should be equipped with a filter and a high-capacity soil miscellaneous collection bag or bin. At least two suctions are made in each hand-made carpet area. The first time the inverted pile is sucked and the second time the velvet is sucked.
(2) The equipment used to clean the hand-made carpets in public areas should use equipment that is often used as a rotary pile vibrator.
2. Handmade carpet cleaning Handmade carpets are regularly washed to maintain their original appearance. Manual carpet washing methods are divided into two categories: dry cleaning and wet cleaning. (1) Dry cleaning dry cleaning Manual carpets fall into two categories: foam dry cleaning and dry extraction removal. Foam dry cleaning is the most common type of handmade carpet surface foam cleaning. Foam dry cleaning machines employ a rotating brush and an implantable wet vacuum nozzle to spray a large amount of detergent on the carpet surface, under the action of a rolling brush. , The detergent cleans the pile, and then uses a vacuum suction machine to suck the washing foam and suspended dust. The dry extraction removal and removal method is to spray the mixture of solvent, emulsifier, water and detergent onto the surface of the handmade carpet through artificial or dispensing containers. After washing in hand-carpet tufts with a first-grade equipment brush, 30 minutes of spin washing will remove detergent and dust. Dry cleaning is a surface cleaning that can effectively restore the surface of handmade carpets, but it does not remove the dirt hidden deep in the hand-carpets. To thoroughly decontaminate, it must be wet-washed.
(2) Wet washing When the oil and other viscous substances of the hand-carpet are obviously accumulated and dust and dirt gather, it affects the color of the handmade carpet and the elasticity of the handmade carpet. When the dry-cleaning method cannot be eradicated, the handmade carpet should be wet-washed. Thoroughly clean. Wet washed handmade carpet can also be divided into two methods, namely, suction cleaning method and steam cleaning method. The suction cleaning method refers to spraying hot water and detergent under pressure onto a hand-made carpet. Under the action of water and detergent, a hand-carpet washing apparatus with a rotating or oscillating brush is used to separate the dirt from the fibers. Sucking away; steam cleaning method is a method to remove the dirt embedded inside the hand-carpet tufts and the surface of hand-carpets, the effect is not very good, the most thorough washing manual carpet cleaning method, also known as extraction cleaning method. The use of a special steam dry-cleaning hand carpet machine releases a vapor solvent consisting of a mixture of water and a washing liquid sprayed on a hand carpet, followed by mechanical agitation brush agitation, so that the dirt is separated from the hand carpet fiber suspended in the solvent through the implantable Vacuum tips are removed.
(3) Precautions for dry and wet washing
A. Before cleaning the handmade carpets, first check all the hand carpets and the degree of local pollution and the lodging direction of the piles. It is necessary to check in detail whether the handmade carpets are firmly fixed around the nail bars.
B. First use a vacuum cleaner with a brush to suck the dust off the surface of the handmade carpet. If the handmade carpet can be strongly slammed on the back of the handmade carpet, knock out the dust.
C. Use a brush or hand-held wearer according to the stain removal method, and perform the secondary cleaning after the local severe stains are washed and then the large-area contaminated area.
D. After the handmade carpet has been wet-cleaned, immediately use a bamboo brush or a vacuum cleaner with a brush to straighten down the hand-carpet tufts according to the direction of the laundry.
E, strictly choose the detergent. High-quality detergents with a neutral pH of 7 should be used. Detergents are the main material for cleaning handmade carpets. If properly selected, they will not only remove dirt, but they will also receive the effect that the handmade carpets will be washed brighter; if the lotion is used improperly In particular, the deviation of PH value is too large, which can destroy the color fastness of hand-carpets and cause hand-made carpets to fade. The main method of detergent inspection is to test the PH value, or use a lotion with the indicated PH value.
Third, the local stain removal method
1. Timely handling of hand-carpets in the process of use, due to human reasons, resulting in local pollution of handmade carpets. Once handmade carpets are found to be contaminated, they should be disposed of immediately. Most stains do not form permanent stains as long as they are handled properly.
2. Decontamination Procedure (1) Confirm stain components according to the following table.
(2) Use the recommended detergent.
(3) Use detergents in the order shown in the table until they are clean.
(4) Clear the chemical with clear water after removing the stain.
Oil stains (mechanical oils, shoe polishes, paints, cosmetics, pigments, edible oils, asphalts, etc.) can be treated with detergents (ethanol, degreasers, ammonia, dry cleaners, acetic acid) with the following removal methods:
A. Wiping off dirt with ethanol or degreaser
B. Use dry/wet handmade carpet powder to gently scrape or lightly brush
C. If the stains appear to be wiped with acetic acid or ammonia
D. After flushing thoroughly with clean water, use a hand-made carpet sprayer to suck up dirt, water-soluble stains (stains, coffee, cola, tea stains, urine stains, soup stains, vomit, etc.) Detergents may be used ( Dry cleaners, detergents, ammonia, oxalic acid, hydrogen peroxide) are removed by:
A, wipe the stain with cold water
B. Use dry/wet handmade carpet powder to gently scrape or lightly brush
C, if the stains can be wiped with oxalic acid, hydrogen peroxide water
D. After flushing thoroughly with clean water, use a hand-made carpet sprayer to blot the dirt to remove dye ink (pharmaceuticals, color pens, food, ink). Detergents (ethanol, ammonia, oxalic acid) can be used. The removal method is:
A, wipe the stain with cold water
B. Use dry/wet handmade carpet powder to gently scrape or lightly brush
C. After flushing thoroughly with clean water, use a hand-carpeted shower head to remove dirt (rust) from the dirt and use rust-free water. The removal method is:
A. Apply rust-free water to stains
B. After the stains have been eliminated and rinsed thoroughly with clean water, use a hand-carpeted shower head to remove dirt from the chewing gum. Detergents (banana water, ethanol) can be used. The removal method is:
A, with 100 degrees of boiling water poured on the chewing gum, eating knife scraping things like
B. Erasing adhesive marks with ethanol or banana water
C. After washing thoroughly with clean water, use a hand-made carpet sprayer to suck the dirt away.
Fourth, local special damage handling handmade carpets in the use of the process, due to the reasons for the manual carpet itself and the carelessness during cleaning and care and the inadvertent use of the manual carpet caused by accidental damage, if not timely repair will inevitably affect the appearance of handmade carpets and Make life.
1, cracking open handmade carpet in the process of sudden cracking has the following reasons:
(1) The paving quality is poor. During the use of hand-carpets, in the event of external conditions such as wet washing, temperature changes, etc., the hand-made carpets are completely spliced ​​around the seams or where they are cracked. Moreover, the cracked areas are large and the area is large. The construction of the hand-carpeted carpets should be notified immediately. Decoration, if necessary, can be reported to the company's service department to send engineering and technical personnel to the decoration guidance.
(2) Cracked when wet washed. Washing method is wrong or not completely dry after washing, generally occurs locally. The maintenance worker can use the supporter to stretch the nail and hang it on the nail bar. If the splice is cracked, the original hot band should be removed. Re-sticking can be.
(3) The wooden bar is not firm, or the bar is not fixed due to the quality of the bar or the paving. When the handmade carpet is cracked by the external climate change or washing, the wooden peg should be repaired by the paving unit. Hang the handmade carpet.
2. The changing rule of foamed handmade carpets is longitudinal shrinkage and lateral elongation. The major factor in this situation is that the method of hand-carpet laying is incorrect, that is, the hand-carpet has not been tightened laterally as required during paving. If bubbling occurs, the pavement or maintenance worker should pull the supporter horizontally, and the extra width of the hand-made carpet can be cut off with a wallpaper knife and hung on the wooden bar.
3, cigarette butts inadvertently dropped the cigarette butts on the handmade carpet, the surface of the hand-carpet hot black charcoal, such as wool handmade carpet blunt with a finger or black charcoal can be scraped off. Such as chemical fiber handmade carpet carbon marks are very shallow, you can use scissors to cut the carbon marks and along the carbon marks to the slight transition to the smooth cut. Chemical fiber handmade carpets such as charcoal can only be repaired.
4. Repair the local accidental hole or cigarette burn hole with a special round knife, and cut the damage hole and the handmade carpet around the hole together, and then cut the same size from the same handmade carpet with the round knife. A new hand-made carpet, the hole in the cut-off wall and the bottom of the plastic coated hand-carpet into the light pressure, blow dry.
5, pumping lines generally refers to tufted handmade carpets. The tufted handmade carpet is a line of steel needles that are continuously inserted into the hand-carpet base fabric. Once the drawing of the carpet or the edge of the handmade carpet does not pull, use a pair of scissors to cut the thread into the hand-carpet tufts. You can.
6, flooding air-conditioning leaking water, bathroom running water caused by partial hand-carpet soaking, after the formation of water spray affect the appearance of the case, the best way to solve this situation is to fully wash the local flooding area.
Carpet maintenance

Carpet maintenance

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